Portobello - Field Mushrooms

About Portobello Mushrooms

Agaricus campestris which is renowned as the field mushroom is recognized as meadow mushroom in North America. It is associated with the cultivated button mushroom Agaricus bisporus and is a widely used gilled mushroom. The cap is white, it may have fine scales, and is 2.0 to 3.9 inches (5 to 10 centimetres) in diameter. Before development it is hemispherical in shape flattening out later. The gills begin as pink, then develop into red-brown and finally turn a dark brown, as is the spore print. The 3 to 10 centimetres  (1.2 to 3.9 in) tall stipe is mainly white and bears a single thin ring. This mushroom tastes mild. The white flesh bruises somewhat reddish, as opposed to yellow in the inedible (and somewhat toxic) Agaricus xanthodermus and species like that. The spores ovate and the sizes are 7–8 micrometres (0.00028–0.00031 in) by 4–5 micrometres (0.00016–0.00020 in).

Health Benefits

Benefits of Crimini Mushrooms

  • The health benefits you get from mushrooms can be augmented if you are extra careful with the temperature at which you store them. A study was done to check color and texture changes in mushrooms over a 6-8 day period, which incorporated color changes that were related with the mushrooms’ phytonutrient content (discoloration was related to a reduction in these vital nutrients). When temperatures moved nearer to room temperature (15°C), discoloration and hardening became more and more of an issue. Avoidance of discoloration and hardening was achieved when the researchers took the temperature down to 3°C over this 6-8 day period. But 3°C is good temperature setting for your home refrigerator, and so careful refrigeration of mushrooms is needed as soon as you’ve reached home from the grocery store. Keeping mushrooms out on the countertop is to be avoided, and never store them even temporarily in a cupboard.
  • Like the majority of mushrooms, crimini mushrooms can offer us unique immune system support. But as opposed to public belief, these common button-type mushrooms have of late been shown to surpass some of their more exotic mushroom counterparts (like shiitake or maitake mushrooms) in terms of immune system advantages. A number of recent studies have sited button mushrooms at the top of the mushroom list with respect to regulation of unwanted inflammation. In the area of the cure of arthritis we look forward to to see more news about the health benefits of mushrooms.
  • Defense against cardiovascular ailment also is an area of special research interest in crimini mushrooms. In conjunction with extracts from Oyster, Shiikate, Maitake, and White Button mushrooms, extracts from crimini mushrooms also have been found to reduce the binding of certain immune cells onto the lining of the aorta. Mushrooms can reduce this binding and also lower risk of damage to the aorta and risk of blood flow problems.
  • Crimini mushrooms could be an imperative diet addition for women who are at risk of hormone-reliant breast cancer. These mushrooms are a major cause of conjugated linolenic acid (CLA)—a unique sort of fatty acid that can bind onto aromatase enzymes and reduce the creation of estrogen. Since some breast cancer tumors are dependent upon estrogen for their expansion, this blocking of the aromatase enzyme by the mushrooms’ CLA may lower risk of this breast cancer type. The presence of CLA in mushrooms is interesting, because we normally anticipate to find this type of fatty acid utterly in animal foods like milk, cheese, and meats.
  • Crimini mushrooms may sometimes be a valuable source of vitamin B12. Recent studies have found significant amounts of vitamin B12 in some samples of fresh crimini mushrooms. The B12 in these mushrooms seem to have been produced by healthy bacteria budding on the surface of the fresh mushrooms. Mushroom content of B12 varies significantly, and sometimes it varies from farm to farm because growing conditions for mushrooms can vary dramatically. By tradition, we’ve thought about animal foods as our only reliable source of vitamin B12. Animals tend to stock up up small amounts of this vitamin after it has been produced via being consumed in a food or produced by bacteria in their digestive tract. This way of thinking about vitamin B12 still holds true. While we cannot be sure of mushrooms’ vitamin B12 guarantee, we can be sure of a variety of other important health benefits, and along with these we could also be getting a boost in our B12 intake.
  • Mushrooms can cause programmed cell death of cancer cells (“apoptosis”)